Color Vocabulary Terms
Hue
The quality of a color as determined by its dominant wavelength.
exp. pink, crimson, and brick are all red but different hues of red

Primary Colors
They are sets of colors that can be combined to make a useful range of colors.
exp. red, blue, yellow

Tertiary Colors
They are created by mixing primary and secondary colors.
exp. red-orange, yellow-orange, blue-green, yellow-green, blue-violet, red-violet

Analogous Colors
Colors next to each other on the color wheel. When placed to together they match well and our comfortable.
exp. red-violet, violet, blue-violet

Monochromatic Colors
They are all the colors of a single hue.
exp. blue, blue-green, blue-violet

Complementary Colors
Colors opposite each other on the color wheel.
exp. red and green

High Intensity
Means the color is very bright and vibrant. There is also very little black or white in the color.
exp. neon

Low Intensity
Means the color is duller and more subdued, more white or black is added.
exp. pastel

Warm Colors
Vivid and energetic and tend to advance in space.
exp. red, yellow, orange

Cool Colors
Give an impression of calm and create a soothing impression.
exp. blue, purple, green


Painting Match:
Primary Colors:
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Giorgio De Chiricho. Torino printanière. 1914. Oil on canvas.

Tertiary Colors:
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Giorgio De Chiricho. Piazza d'Italia. 1913. Oil on canvas.

Analogous Colors:
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David Hockney. Portrait of Nick Wilder ,1966. Acrylic on canvas.

Monochromatic Color:
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Mark Wethli. Under A Northern Sky, 1992. Oil on linen
Complementary Colors:
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Paul Signac. The Papal Palace, Avignon. 1900. Oil on canvas

High-Intensity Color:
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Georgia O’Keefe. Gate of an Adobe Church, 1929, Oil on canvas

Low-Intensity Color:
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Mark Wethli Autumn Light, 1995. Oil on linen

Warm Colors:
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Claude Monet. The Floating Ice, 1880, Oil on Canvas

Cool Colors:
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Wolf Kahn. Marlboro Woods, 1999, Oil on Canvas